Recommended works of Ruilin, Guizhou: collection of ancient books of the Republic of China
Ancient books are short for ancient Chinese books. Zhang Zhidong, a bibliographer of the Qing Dynasty, explained the rare editions of ancient books as follows: first, the full edition, without deletion or missing volumes; The second is the essence of the book, the essence of the correction and the essence of the note, with very few errors. The third is the old edition, that is, the woodcut, facsimile and thread-bound books handed down for a long time. At present, the rare editions of ancient books in the art market mainly include engravings, inkblots, inscriptions, seals, letters and other documents.
The earliest editions of Chinese books are probably from the Northern Song Dynasty. Therefore, there has always been a saying in the collection circle that "one page of the Song Dynasty edition is worth one or two gold coins". As the saying goes, "Paper is expensive for a thousand years". It is not easy to keep paper books intact for a long time. In addition, the war caused by the change of dynasties is even more unpredictable. Many precious books in ancient times were destroyed in the war. Therefore, books that can be circulated in an orderly way are even more valuable.
Not long ago, the "Book House Thousand Flowers-Collection Exhibition of Precious Folk Classics" was displayed in the National Library. The exhibits date from the writing of sutras in the Sui Dynasty to the manuscripts in the Qing Dynasty. 115 precious classics were written by 30 folk collectors. Most collectors don't want to reveal their identity, but the collection is precious enough to reach the level of "national treasure". People from non-cultural fields have started to collect ancient books one after another. Although it is related to the spiritual pursuit, it is also closely related to the increasing cultural relic value and market value of rare ancient books in recent years.
In the auction market, rare editions of ancient books have always been a small collection category. The collection population, total quantity and overall price cannot be compared with popular collections such as calligraphy, painting and porcelain. More than 20 years ago, the auction of ancient books had not yet taken place, and the bookstore of ancient books was the main circulation channel for such collections. At that time, a song edition book could be won for 100,000 yuan, and the yuan edition book was even cheaper, averaging only 10,000 yuan per book. Today, the price of ancient books has long been a different story. As the overall art market is booming, it has also driven the market for rare ancient books, which has been tepid for a long time. The upward trend is obvious to all. A number of rare ancient books have repeatedly broken the record of the auction.
"The collection of ancient books must endure loneliness." Shen Jin believes that unlike antiques such as calligraphy and painting and porcelain, rare books cannot be hung on the wall for appreciation or played with. Without a certain level of cultural accomplishment, without a considerable level of historical knowledge and basic knowledge of ancient Chinese, it is impossible to read, let alone read or study its version. "Of course, some people put it in the bookcase as a decoration, as an expression of arty, but books are for reading after all."
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