Xu Beihong (July 19, 1895 ~ September 26, 1953), born in Qiting bridge, Yixing, Jiangsu Province, China. The founder of China's modern art career is a modern painting master and a pioneer art educator who is also the leader of Chinese and Western art. Since childhood, he studied poetry, calligraphy and painting with his father Xu Dazhang, and successively served as a professor in the Art Department of Central University.
Xu Beihong is good at Chinese painting, oil painting and sketch. His paintings are full of passion and skill. The color and ink of the traditional Chinese painting is perfect, especially in the world. Galloping horse can best reflect Xu Beihong's personality and express his thoughts and feelings. His paintings adhere to the principle of "learning from nature and seeking truth".
Mr. Xu Beihong is an art educator who promotes the inheritance, development and dissemination of Chinese painting. He is also a cultural fighter and a famous social activist who combines his own art, personal life, work, social interaction and influence, even life, with the interests and honor of the country and the nation.
Xu Beihong's early paintings of horses have a kind of literati's indifferent poetry, showing a "wandering review, desolate couple" state. After the outbreak of the Anti Japanese War, Xu Beihong realized that artists should not be limited to the narcissism of art, but should share the same fate with the country and put art creation into the fiery life, so his horse became a symbol of the awakening national spirit.
This painting of galloping horses was made during the second battle of Changsha in autumn 1941. At this time, the Anti Japanese war is in a stage of stalemate between the enemy and our forces. The Japanese army wants to completely defeat China before launching the Pacific War, so that the Kuomintang government will bow to the throne and become a minister. Therefore, they have made every effort to launch Changsha war repeatedly, trying to get through Chongqing, the throat of North-South transportation. In the second battle, our side once lost. Changsha was occupied by Japanese aggressors. Xu Beihong, who was collecting money for an art exhibition in Penang, Malaysia, was very anxious to hear about the national crisis. He painted "galloping horses" all night to express his feelings of worrying about the country.
Horse is the symbol theme of Xu Beihong's painting. His horses are full of passion and vitality. And his galloping horse is often made because of the time and the feeling of things. His passion lies in the ink, which has a soul stirring power.
In this painting, Xu Beihong uses bold ink to outline the big turning points of head, neck, chest, leg, etc., and uses a dry brush to sweep out the mane, making the change of density, dryness and wetness natural. The straight line of the horse leg is thin and powerful, just like a steel knife, which is powerful through the back of paper. The arc of the abdomen, buttocks and mane is very elastic and dynamic. On the whole, the picture is large in front and small in back, with a strong sense of perspective. The stretched legs and horse head have a strong impact, which seems to break through the picture.
The horse in the picture has strong muscles, round abdomen, slightly right leaning head and slightly large nostrils. The horse is rising in the air, head up and feet up, mane flying, energetic, spirited, people boiling. With only a few strokes, the author made the horse strong and physical. The author uses thick ink to reflect the thick mane, and uses light dry ink to sweep out its flying potential.
In this painting, the method of body and surface, light and dark block modeling in Western painting is adopted. At the same time, the traditional boneless method is absorbed, combined with line drawing technique, and the painting is unique. The horse's head, chest, hooves and buttocks are left blank, with strong light and shadow effect. The shadow of abdomen is lighter with ink, showing a soft and elastic texture. This "galloping horse" can make people feel the heat, hot body temperature, and even sweat. Its strong vitality is the symbol of the national spirit of the Chinese people who resist aggression.
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